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Daily Scan: Caterpillar slashes jobs and drags down Dow; Stocks drop for third straight day
<p>Updated throughout the day</p> <p>September 24</p> <p>Good evening,</p> <p>Stocks fell for the third straight day Thursday. The Dow lost 0.5%, recovering slightly from its lowest mark earlier in the day. The Nasdaq fell 0.4% and the S&amp;P 500 slipped 0.3%. President Xi JinPing isn't letting on if the latest news on an alleged Chinese hacking is ruining his visit. On Wednesday, he met with 28 high tech executives, including Facebook's Mark Zuckerberg. Facebook is a no-go in China. This week, the news went from really bad to worse on the Office of Personnel Management hack. The government now says hackers stole 5.6 million fingerprints. Thursday, Xi leaves the West Coast to join President Obama, Secretary of State John Kerry, and National Security Advisor Susan Rice at a working dinner.</p> <p>Here's what else you need to know:</p> <p>Janet Yellen says interest rates should rise this year. Yellen told the University of Massachusetts that inflation pressures should build in the coming years. Read the 40-page speech here.</p> <p>Caterpillar to cut 10,000 jobs. Caterpillar slashed its 2015 revenue forecast, adding that as many as 10,000 jobs will be lost through 2018. Equipment orders have fallen as miners and energy companies put projects on hold. Reuters</p> <p>Duck boat, bus collision leaves at least two dead. A duck tourist boat and a tour bus collided in Seattle Thursday, killing two and critically injuring at least nine. It's not clear why the duck boat hit the bus. CNN</p> <p>Towers Watson CEO sold stock before merger deal. CEO John Haley made almost $10 million by selling his company's shares before a merger deal was announced between Towers Watson and Willis Group Holdings. The deal, announced at the end of June, valued Towers Watson stock at $125.13 a share, a 9% from the prior day's close. Wall Street Journal</p> <p>Suicide bombs in Yemen kills at least 25. The bombing in a mosque Thursday hit during prayers commemorating the beginning of the Muslim holiday Eid al-Adha. A Yemeni-affiliate of ISIS claimed responsibility. A similar attack in Sana killed 32 people earlier this month. New York Times</p> <p>Pope Francis racking up historic moments. The pontiff addressed a joint session of Congress -- a first for the Vatican. The pope challenged Congress to fight climate change, overcome income inequality, battle the victimization of minorities, and be more accepting of undocumented immigrants. Pope Francis then went on to have lunch with homeless people at Catholic Charities in D.C. CNN</p> <p>Putin and Obama to meet in NYC. The embattled world leaders will discuss the tensions regarding Syria and Ukraine, while the leaders are in New York for the U.N. General Assembly. Wall Street Journal</p> <p>Volkswagen to name new CEO. Matthias Muller, current CEO of Porsche, will replac</p>
Odey: We are already in a deflationary downdraft amidst currency wars
Hedge Funds
<p>It's been a rough year for Odey Asset Management's OEI Mac fund. Year-to-date the fund is down 15.8%, although, after a strong August, the fund has managed to regain some composure. according to a September 23rd letter to investors reviewed by ValueWalk.</p> <p>Odey Asset Management founder Crispin Odey’s flagship hedge fund slumped 19.3% during 'Bloody April' after it was caught out when the Australian dollar strengthened against the US dollar.</p> <p>During August, the OEI Mac fund's USD share class gained 6.8%. The performance is even more impressive when compared to the MSCI Daily TR Net Europe USD return of -6.9% and an MSCI Daily TR Net Europe GBP return of -5.3%. Over the past twelve months, the OEI Mac fund has gained 8.7%, a relative outperformance against the MSCI Daily TR Net Europe index of 16.9%.</p> <p>Odey OEI MAC Fund performance</p> <p>Odey's short book and active currency positions were the largest contributors to the fund's performance during the month. Active currencies made a positive contribution of +1.3% to performance; this was attributable to the short AUD/USD position. All other active currency positions made negative contributions.</p> <p>Odey OEI MAC Fund currency exposure</p> <p>Odey: Equity performance<br /> Moving away from currencies onto equities, Odey's short book made a sizeable positive contribution of +12.7% during August after accounting for currency hedging. Positions that contributed most to this performance, before currency hedging were Las Vegas Sands Corp. (NYSE:LVS) (+157bps), Sands China (+99bps) and Swatch (+84bps). A negative performance from Kellogg (-10bps), Antofagasta (-9bps) and Netflix, Inc. (NASDAQ:NFLX) (-9bps) detracted from performance.</p> <p>On the long side, the equity book made a negative contribution for the month of 6.7%. Positive contributions before hedging came from Pendragon (+44bps), Circassia<br /> Pharmaceuticals (+7bps) and TUI (+6bps). However, negative contributions far outweighed these gains. Holdings in Sky, LM Ericsson Telefon, and Barclays PLC (NYSE:BCS) (LON:BARC) detracted -142bps, -45bps and -39bps from overall performance respectively.</p> <p>Government bonds held by the fund returned -0.4%.</p> <p>Odey: Cloudy outlook<br /> Crispin Odey's uses his Manager's Report within the Odey OEI MAC Fund monthly newsletter to warn of further pain ahead for financial markets.</p> <p>The developed world averted a recession in 2008 by cutting rates to 0%, then embarking on QE. We all hoped we would get healing, then growth, then inflation, then rising rates. But we have experienced the distortions of QE without generating enough growth or inflation. Now central banks have ended up with the safe assets and driven pensions and savers into everything else. We haven’t achieved inflation, so we haven’t worked through our debt and the solution may ha</p>
11 European unicorns hit $1B valuation
<p>The U.S. may be the unicorn kingdom, but Europeans are creating their own tech unicorns too.</p> <p>In the last 12 months, Europe has birthed 11 new startups with valuations of $1 billion or more, reports Business Insider. Most of the list comes from London or Germany, and three are finance related. Here they are:</p> <p> Farfetch-$1 billion- London-based fashion startup. Serves as a storefront for more than 300 global boutiques.<br /> Funding Circle- $1 billion- London-based peer-to-peer lending platform.<br /> TransferWire- $1 billion- London-based, with a background from Estonia, peer-to-peer money transfer service.<br /> Auto1 Group- $1 billion- German-founded car sale startup.<br /> Shazam- $1 billion- Music identification app with ambitions to move beyond just songs.<br /> Home24- $1.03 billion- Online German furniture store.<br /> Ayden- $1.5 billion- Netherlands' payments company.<br /> BlaBlaCar- $1.6 billion- European car sharing service.<br /> HelloFresh- $2.9 billion- German-based food delivery startup.<br /> Delivery Hero- $3.1 billion- German-based platform that allows apps and local websites to partner with local restaurants in other countries.<br /> Global Fashion Group- $3.1 billion- A compilation of fashion startups in emerging markets.</p> <p>Photo: Steven Depolo</p>
Ratan Tata: An archangel of Indian VC
<p>This week Ratan Tata was listed by LiveMint as one of the “archangels of Indian e-commerce”, a title earned by his long list of investments in the space - but his investment activity goes far beyond that.</p> <p>If you don’t know Ratan Tata, you know his surname.  The 77 year old is chairman Emeritus of Tata Sons - the holding company for Indian mega-conglomerate Tata Group - and one of the leading lights of India’s business community.  He is also a prolific and enthusiastic angel investor.</p> <p>In short, Ratan loves India’s VC scene, and startups love to be associated with him, and his name. His  list of investments also shows he has a knack for picking winners:</p> <p> Altaeros Energies - Wind energy<br /> Snapdeal - E-commerce<br /> Bluestone - E-commerce<br /> Urban Ladder - E-commerce<br /> Swasth India - Healthcare<br /> CarDekho - E-commerce<br /> Grameen Capital - Finance<br /> Paytm - Fintech<br /> Ola Cabs - Ride sharing<br /> Ampere - Electric vehicles<br /> Kaaryah - E-commerce<br /> Infinite Analytics - Marketing analytics<br /> Holachef - Food delivery<br /> Xiaomi Mi - Electronics</p> <p>He is also an advisor to three India-focused VC funds: Jungle Ventures, Kalaari Capital, and IDG Ventures India. He only joined IDG this month, and  now the fund is hoping to to use some of that Tata magic to help raise $200 million for its  next fund.</p> <p>Photo: American Center Mumbai</p>
Asian food delivery startups are gobbling each other up
<p>Food delivery start-up Foodpanda has just made its ninth acquisition, picking up Singapore-Dine for an undisclosed sum. This is the latest in a string of mergers in this space</p> <p>According to the Straits Times the purchase adds Singapore eateries Tony Roma's, Subway, 4Fingers and California Pizza Kitchen to its list of about 500 restaurants.</p> <p>Food delivery platforms have been gaining popularity in Asia for some time, offering both convenience for consumers and cost savings for restaurants who want to avoid the painful overheads associated with food delivery.</p> <p>With nine acquisitions under its belt, Rocket Internet-backed Food Panda is certainly becoming an apex predator in the space. In Asia it now covers all of Southeast Asia, South Asia, Hong Kong and Taiwan.</p> <p>But its not the only one gobbling up competition in the region.</p> <p>Over the past 18-months we have seen Singapore's Food Runner swallow down Philippine start-up City Delivery and Hong Kong's Koziness Concepts - previously iDelivery - buy Dial-a-Dinner and Soho Delivery.</p> <p>Its not just food delivery sites angling for a top spot in the space, either. In India ride sharing app Ola has launched Ola Cafe while Zomato - the fast growing restaurant discovery site that recently bought US rival Urbanspoon - is expanding into food delivery too.</p> <p>Dubbed by TechCrunch as an "Uber for Food", India-based  Zomato has eight acquisitions to its name and it could soon show FoodPanda that its not the only big fish in sea.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p>
Emerging markets: will they crash or not?
Hedge Funds
<p>Passport Capital’s John Burbank is by no means a lightweight. He cut his teeth working under Julian Robertson at Tiger, his fund always performs in the top percentile, and the man actually looks like he can tear you apart with his bare hands.</p> <p>He recently had an interview with the FT where he said “we are on the precipice of a liquidation in emerging markets,” alluding to the deteriorating fortunes of the region, and adding that “this feels the way that the fourth quarter of 1997 felt.”</p> <p>And he’s not the only one. Burbank here sits with the majority view that emerging markets are currently on track for an epic blow up. The Brazilian real has been shorted to a whisker off its all-time low, the Malaysian ringgit is currently hovering near its Asia Crisis levels (though oil did contribute to this), emerging market ETFs have seen nothing but outflows, and the asset classes’ bonds have been treated like plague-ridden, leperous, venom-spitting bears.</p> <p>His fellow fund manager Mark Dow however, would like to differ.</p> <p>While in no way an emerging market bull, Dow outlined a few months back five reasons why the current situation won't translate into an epic crash (or recessions and an accompanying contagion, for that matter), namely:</p> <p> Most EM’s now have flexible currencies and larger reserves – two things sorely lacking when their most harrowing crises occurred.<br /> No more Original Sin – Original Sin, the label used for the currency mismatch when a sovereign borrows in dollars but collects in local currency, has practically been eradicated.<br /> Deeper local markets – most EM’s now have enough asset managers, pensions, etc. to absorb any tourist selloffs.<br /> Short dollars – in issuing debt, EM’s are now essentially short the greenback, but sans the short dollar gamma positions they had during the previous crises, making things more manageable for them.<br /> We’ve already seen a lot of outflows</p> <p>While current price action is definitely against him, Dow’s argument is actually quite compelling. The Bank of International Settlements does say that EM corporates are hoarding dollars but still, it doesn’t really negate what he’s saying either.</p> <p>Something has the Fed spooked from raising rates though, and everyone seems to be pointing their fingers at the emerging markets. What do you think?</p> <p>Are you on Burbank’s side? Or Dow’s?<br /> Photo: Wiki</p>
What does the internet think of Bitcoin and blockchain?
FinTech
<p>The way the world understands digital money is changing. Related but distinct, Bitcoin and blockchain are two of the biggest buzzwords in fintech. Bitcoin, the crypto-currency,  is the easiest to understand and the most notorious. Blockchain, the technology behind bitcoin, on the other hand is a bit more arcane and a bit more difficult to grasp. So it’s no surprise that when you run both words through Google Trends - the analytics tool for tracking internet searches - you get this:</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>But take a closer look at blockchain on its own and you will see something interesting:  </p> <p>While interest in Bitcoin seems to have peaked - or even started to decline - interest in blockchain has been soaring. Also, a look at the kind of search terms offers an interesting insight into sentiment.</p> <p>Bitcoin remains the top buzzword of the day, people are seeking to get a better understanding of blockchain. But looking at the kinds of questions people are asking, it seems as if blockchain will struggle to shake Bitcoin's reputation.</p>
Hao Capital hedge fund gains 97.8% YTD
Hedge Funds
<p>With all the steep losses and fund closures since Black Monday, the words “hedge fund” and “China” don’t exactly paint a pretty picture when you piece the two together. Hao Capital’s hedge fund however, seems to be a little different.</p> <p>According to Reuters, Hao Capital posted an amazing 97.8% return for the year – a stellar performance by any measure and made even better by the fact that most China-centric funds are currently nursing losses.</p> <p>Run by Zhang Hao, an electronics engineer and ex-Prime Capital Management analyst, the fund made most of its gains by betting on appliance companies such as Haier Electronics Group and Gree Electric Appliances as well as by taking big bets against solar energy stocks. Another secret to its success? Zhang's reluctance in joining the A-share herd:<br /> “In May, the fund manager told investors he sidestepped some of the frenzied buying in Chinese A shares because he was worried about the emotional nature of individual investors who made up more than three-quarters of that trading volume.</p> <p>‘From a cultural perspective, these investors are less prone to logical thinking, and prefer stories of a company to its market value calculation,’ the manager wrote.”<br /> It wasn’t all rainbows and butterflies though. Zhang apparently took a nasty hit last month when his longs fell over 17%, thankfully however his shorts gained 7.63% at the same time and trimmed his losses down to 9.5%.</p> <p>Despite that blip, his fund is currently up 132.5% since its August 2014 inception, and has more than tripled its AUM to $212 million in the process.<br /> Photo: Dorli Photography</p>
Is a quick recovery in store for energy and other commodities?
<p> <br />  <br /> Is A Quick Recovery In Store For Energy And Other Commodities? by Columbia Threadneedle Investments</p> <p> Supply is outpacing demand growth for most commodities, putting prices under pressure.<br /> Despite the boost from lower petroleum prices, global economic growth should continue to be the primary driver for oil demand over the next few years.<br /> Longer term, the incentive to add new oil supplies to meet demand growth and offset natural production declines will likely require prices considerably higher than current levels.</p> <p>Overview<br /> In the wake of the August swoon, investors have sorted through the rubble, looking for opportunities that might have emerged. Energy and natural resource shares were particularly hard hit, and the question thus being asked is whether fundamentals justify the declines and whether now is a good time to buy. Answering these questions generally starts with a discussion of supply and demand. For most commodities, production capacity was developed throughout the commodities super-cycle that began roughly a decade ago, much of which has come online just in the last few years. Technology and innovation, which have driven the shale revolution domestically, for example, have also expanded and changed the nature of supply growth. Meanwhile, the anticipated demand from China’s continued growth that was to absorb this supply has also fallen short of most expectations. The result is that supply is outpacing demand growth for most commodities with prices thus under pressure.<br /> Oil<br /> Imbalances within the oil markets largely stem from an abundance of supply, which up until very recently has failed to show any signs of moderating, despite the dramatic decline in oil prices over the past 12 months. The combination of a slower response from U.S. shale producers and increased output by OPEC has resulted in global production rising 3.1% YTD versus last year. Over the same period, oil demand continues to grow at a healthy pace (1.9% YTD) as lower petroleum product prices have led to increased consumption in many countries, including the U.S. In fact, a recent report by the IEA predicted demand growth for 2015 at 1.8% is on track to post its highest year-over-year growth in five years. The largest risk on the demand side remains a slowing of global economic growth, particularly in China and other developing markets. Despite the boost from lower petroleum prices, global economic growth should continue to be the primary driver for oil demand over the next few years.</p> <p>Given the capital intensive nature and long lead times associated with bringing new conventional supply on stream, oil markets rarely stay in perfect equilibrium, and instead overshoot in both directions, as we saw before and after the global financial crisis. During the current downturn, the hope had been that U.S. shale producers would provide a smoother and faster self-balancing mechanism, taking on the role traditionally held by the OPEC cartel, which has now chosen to increase production in a quest for market share. Earlier this year, U.S. production growth failed to show signs of slowing as producers slashed capital budgets and the U.S. oil rig count proceed to decline by 60% peak to trough. More recently, data by the EIA suggests that U.S. production has already started to roll over on a month-to-mo</p>
London displaces New York as top global financial centre
<p>The British capital has swooped into first place in a new ranking of global financial centres, reclaiming the top spot from New York, reports FinBuzz.</p> <p>The general election in May 2015 helped boost London ahead of New York in the rankings, according to a new September 2015 report by Z/Yen Group, a London-based commercial think tank which has been publishing the Global Financial Centres Index (GCFI) since March 2007 on a bi-annual basis.</p> <p>London climbed 12 points in the ratings to lead New York by eight points. The survey is based on a scale of 1,000 points and a ‘leader’ is only named if there is a 20-point gap between rankings.</p> <p>The City’s most recent score out of 1,000 points is 796, with New York in second place with 788 points, followed by Hong Kong at 755, and Singapore with 750 points.</p> <p>“London and New York are often as much complementary as competitive,” the study says.</p> <p>None of China’s mainland cities broke into the top 20 in the most recent report. China’s biggest city by population, Shanghai was ranked 21, and Shenzhen, which is just north of Hong Kong, came in 23rd place. Doha, Qatar’s largest city, placed 22nd. The study is sponsored by Qatar Financial Centre (QFC).</p> <p>The main goal of the GFCI index is to rank the major global financial centres by their competitiveness. The survey is published every six months, and it rates a total of 82 financial centres using instrumental factors as well as an online questionnaire.</p> <p>This story first appeared in FinBuzz.<br /> Photo: Julian Mason</p>